Santorini, apart from its magnificent views, is also full of history. Here below you can find the most important sites to visit.
Prehistoric Thera: Akrotiri
Akrotiri is the most famous archeological site on Santorini and the most important prehistoric settlement found anywhere in the Eastern Mediterranean. It is deeply associated with the Minoan civilization, Akrotiri was buried by the widespread Theran eruption in the middle of the second millennium BC; as a result, like the Roman ruins of Pompeii after it, it is remarkably well-preserved. Frescoes,pottery, furniture, advanced drainage systems and three-story buildings have been discovered at the site whose excavation was started in 1967 by Spyridon Marinatos. Some historians have a theory this settlement, as well as the disaster that left it unknown to most of history, served as the inspiration behind Plato’s story of Atlantis.
|Museum of Prehistoric Thira|
The Museum of Prehistoric Thira houses findings from the excavations at Akrotiri, conducted under the auspices of the Archaeological Society at Athens. The exhibition is seperated in four departments, referring to the history of research at Thira, geology, the island’s history from the Late Neolithic to the Late Cycladic I period (early 17th century BC) and the prime of life of the city at Akrotiri (mature Late Cycladic 1 period, 17th century BC). At this museum, visitors can admire Akrotiri’s architecture and organization, the development of wall painting, the art of pottery repertoire, the elegant jewellery, plant fossils as well as the the city’s and island’s complex network of contacts with the outside word.
The Archeological Museum
Even though the National Archaeological Museum in Athens has a great deal of outstanding archaeological findings from Santorini, the Historical and Cultural Archaeological Museum of Santorini in Fira hosts many artifacts from the island’s excavations. It was built in 1960 by the Ministry of Public Works in order to replace the initial building of the museum (built in 1902), which had been destroyed during the earthquake of 1956.
Amongst its exhibits, the visitors can admire a fine collection of geometric red and black vases from the fifth century BC as well as some Minoan ware. Last but not least, at this museum you may see gorgeous frescoes, sculptures from the Hellenistic and Byzantine period and remains of prehistoric Thira. There are inscriptions next to every display giving more information for the guest’s benefit.